Understanding how ISO and aperture speeds affect the outcome of your photo is also important.
To shoot brilliant landscapes, using a wide zoom lens is the best. To shoot amazing closeups of wild flowers, a macro lens is suggested.
Although a point and shoot camera is quick and easy, and can take great shots, you won't be able to shoot moving water, star trails, or light trails unless you use a camera that will choose and set all the exposures for you and has a zoom lens.
While photographing wildlife, take lots of shots. Remember animals aren't going to stand still and pose for you, so you will have lots of blurry shots. This is the beauty of digital cameras, you are not wasting precious film or money in developing blurry shots! When you shoot animals and birds a good rule of thumb is to focus on their eyes. But be careful not to get too close, wild animals can become dangerous if they feel threatened. Sudden movements can drive animals away, learn how to approach them. Remember, you are on their territory! Considering all of this, the best way to shoot wildlife is with a telephoto lens.
If you don't have the funds to travel to Africa to join a wildlife safari, why not try the zoo, your local park or botanical gardens.
Don't forget your tripod… this is often overlooked as a necessary accessory. Most tripods have a bubble level to ensure that the tripod… and therefore, your shot is level. Using a tripod can improve your shots immensely, especially when you are shooting landscapes.
Always be prepared, don't miss out on an opportunity to take that perfect shot… don't get caught with a dead battery or full memory card. You should always keep an extra fully charged battery and extra memory cards in your camera bag.
A couple of the best times of day to take photos is early in the day or later in the day when the sun is low. The lighting produced is soft and warm. Lightly overcast days are also good days to shoot, as your subject will still be illuminated.
Last of all remember to Be There and Enjoy It! Sometimes the most amazing things are missed as we forget to take the time to slow down and enjoy our surroundings. But remember to also look behind you!
As Ansel Adams said… “You don't take a photograph, you make it”