If you are on this page, chances are that you want to get the answers to some most frequently asked questions about SLAM. In this article, we are going to give answers to some of these questions. Read on to find out more.

What does SLAM software do?

Simultaneous Localisation and Mapping is short for SLAM. This process helps create a map with the help of an unmanned vehicle, such as a robot or drone. Based on the generated map, the device can navigate the environment. Primarily, this technology helps create GPS data to help machines work in an environment where humans cannot work due to the risk of injury.

What is LiDAR Slam?

Simultaneous Localisation and Mapping helps perform accurate mapping in the absence of GPS. Typically, GPS service is not available indoors. These algorithms make use of IMU and LiDAR data for locating the sensor and generating a comprehensive map of the environment.

What is 3D SLAM?

SLAM fuses the sensor observations of landmarks and features in order to get an estimation of the location of unmanned machines in an unknown area. Apart from this, the role of 3D SLAM is to construct a map that features a number of locations.

How is SLAM Implemented?

The implementation of this technology involves several steps. Some of the primary steps are described below:

1. Implementation of SLAM with the help of LiDAR Scans.

2. Loading of the laser scan data

3. Starting SLAM algorithm, creating an optimized map and plotting the trajectory of the robot

4. Observing the Optimisation process and loop closure effect

Who is the Inventor of SLAM?

In 1986, two experts named P. Cheeseman and R.C. Smith worked on the estimation and representation of spatial uncertainty. later, another research group performed more research in this field under the headship of Hugh F. Durrant-Whyte.

What is Loop Closure?

As far as simultaneous Localisation and Mapping is concerned, loop closure helps decide whether a vehicle has gone back to the previously visited area post the short trip of arbitrary length. The importance of reliable loop closing cannot be denied.

What is Monocular Slam?

Simultaneous Localisation and Mapping is on the list of primary techniques for this type of map generation. What happens is that the system creates a map of an unfamiliar environment and get an estimation of its location. With the help of ubiquitous cameras, you can use monocular Visual SLAM. In this system, the only device is a single camera.

How do LiDAR Sensors Work?

Typically, a LiDAR sensor sends pulsed light waves in a 2D environment. In the next phase, these waves bounce off the objects around and then go back to the sensor. This is how the sensor calculates the traveled distance.

What is Localisation in the Field of Robotics?

In simple words, this process helps determine the location of a mobile robot with respect to the surroundings. As a matter of fact, an autonomous robot requires localization as a fundamental competence.

Long story short, hopefully, these answers will help you improve your understanding of simultaneous localization and mapping.


Source by Shalini M