In broadcasting, television syndication is the sale of a right to broadcast radio shows and TV programs to several individual stations, beyond going through a broadcast network.
In the remainder of the Earth most nations have enclosed networks without local affiliates and syndication is somewhat less characteristic, though programs may also be syndicated internationally. The designation is sometimes referred to in the business and by TV syndicators by its abbreviated form, “Cindy.”
TV Syndication is not the same as selling the program to a Television Network ; once a network carries a show, it is usually certain to air on all of the network's affiliates, on the same day of the week and at the same time. A few production companies author their presentations and vend them to networks at least at first, looking forward to the time that the series will be successful and that contingent off-network syndication should turn over a profit for the show.
The trade of program for airtime is thought of as “barter.” Syndication can take the form of either every week or daily syndication. The game programs, some “tabloid” and entertainment stories shows, and stripped talk shows are telecast every day or week-daily, while most other first-run syndicated programs are telecast weekly.
TV networks, especially in their original years, did not provide a full-day's-worth of television programming for their affiliates, even in the night time or “prime time” hours. To express this in other words, while the primary run of any Television series may not make money for its producing studio, the subsequent syndication will give rise to enough revenue to equalize out any diminishing returns. Off-network syndication takes place when a network TV program is syndicated in combination's comprising of some or all episodes, and peddled to as many TV stations as feasible.
Sitcoms frequently do better in syndication than some dramatic shows thanks to the fact that most sitcoms have few continuing story lines. A viewer can see numerous half-hour sitcoms without being concerned that missing the previous episode will ruin their viewing the current episode. Similarly, syndicators and stations many times will run episodes of some series not in order to satisfy other needs at the price of the watcher's gratification. This is less pricey for sitcoms than other programs with added serial elements. Religious television programming and children's television productions also have fared well recently for the same reason as have television exercise programs and of course judge shows.